is in semantic relation with Links a concept to a concept related by meaning. This property should not be used directly, but as a super-property for all properties denoting a relationship of meaning between concepts. change note A note about a modification to a concept. skos:closeMatch is used to link two concepts that are sufficiently similar that they can be used interchangeably in some information retrieval applications. In order to avoid the possibility of "compound errors" when combining mappings across more than two concept schemes, skos:closeMatch is not declared to be a transitive property. has close match By convention, skos:notation is used with a typed literal in the object position of the triple. notation A notation, also known as classification code, is a string of characters such as "T58.5" or "303.4833" used to uniquely identify a concept within the scope of a given concept scheme. Sean Bechhofer An RDF vocabulary for describing the basic structure and content of concept schemes such as thesauri, classification schemes, subject heading lists, taxonomies, 'folksonomies', other types of controlled vocabulary, and also concept schemes embedded in glossaries and terminologies. Dave Beckett SKOS Vocabulary Alistair Miles Participants in W3C's Semantic Web Deployment Working Group. Nikki Rogers skos:prefLabel, skos:altLabel and skos:hiddenLabel are pairwise disjoint properties. An alternative lexical label for a resource. Acronyms, abbreviations, spelling variants, and irregular plural/singular forms may be included among the alternative labels for a concept. Mis-spelled terms are normally included as hidden labels (see skos:hiddenLabel). The range of skos:altLabel is the class of RDF plain literals. alternative label Relates an ordered collection to the RDF list containing its members. For any resource, every item in the list given as the value of the skos:memberList property is also a value of the skos:member property. has member list history note A note about the past state/use/meaning of a concept. Relates a concept to a concept that is more general in meaning. By convention, skos:broader is only used to assert an immediate (i.e. direct) hierarchical link between two conceptual resources. has broader Broader concepts are typically rendered as parents in a concept hierarchy (tree). has broader match skos:broadMatch is used to state a hierarchical mapping link between two conceptual resources in different concept schemes. hidden label A lexical label for a resource that should be hidden when generating visual displays of the resource, but should still be accessible to free text search operations. The range of skos:hiddenLabel is the class of RDF plain literals. skos:prefLabel, skos:altLabel and skos:hiddenLabel are pairwise disjoint properties. is in scheme Relates a resource (for example a concept) to a concept scheme in which it is included. A concept may be a member of more than one concept scheme. A statement or formal explanation of the meaning of a concept. definition scope note A note that helps to clarify the meaning and/or the use of a concept. skos:narrowMatch is used to state a hierarchical mapping link between two conceptual resources in different concept schemes. has narrower match skos:related is disjoint with skos:broaderTransitive has related Relates a concept to a concept with which there is an associative semantic relationship. skos:relatedMatch is used to state an associative mapping link between two conceptual resources in different concept schemes. has related match is top concept in scheme Relates a concept to the concept scheme that it is a top level concept of. has top concept Relates, by convention, a concept scheme to a concept which is topmost in the broader/narrower concept hierarchies for that scheme, providing an entry point to these hierarchies. example An example of the use of a concept. Concept Scheme A concept scheme may be defined to include concepts from different sources. A set of concepts, optionally including statements about semantic relationships between those concepts. Thesauri, classification schemes, subject heading lists, taxonomies, 'folksonomies', and other types of controlled vocabulary are all examples of concept schemes. Concept schemes are also embedded in glossaries and terminologies. skos:narrowerTransitive is a transitive superproperty of skos:narrower. has narrower transitive By convention, skos:narrowerTransitive is not used to make assertions. Rather, the properties can be used to draw inferences about the transitive closure of the hierarchical relation, which is useful e.g. when implementing a simple query expansion algorithm in a search application. skos:exactMatch is disjoint with each of the properties skos:broadMatch and skos:relatedMatch. skos:exactMatch is used to link two concepts, indicating a high degree of confidence that the concepts can be used interchangeably across a wide range of information retrieval applications. skos:exactMatch is a transitive property, and is a sub-property of skos:closeMatch. has exact match has narrower Narrower concepts are typically rendered as children in a concept hierarchy (tree). By convention, skos:broader is only used to assert an immediate (i.e. direct) hierarchical link between two conceptual resources. Relates a concept to a concept that is more specific in meaning. has broader transitive skos:broaderTransitive is a transitive superproperty of skos:broader. By convention, skos:broaderTransitive is not used to make assertions. Rather, the properties can be used to draw inferences about the transitive closure of the hierarchical relation, which is useful e.g. when implementing a simple query expansion algorithm in a search application. The range of skos:prefLabel is the class of RDF plain literals. A resource has no more than one value of skos:prefLabel per language tag, and no more than one value of skos:prefLabel without language tag. skos:prefLabel, skos:altLabel and skos:hiddenLabel are pairwise disjoint properties. The preferred lexical label for a resource, in a given language. preferred label Relates two concepts coming, by convention, from different schemes, and that have comparable meanings is in mapping relation with These concept mapping relations mirror semantic relations, and the data model defined below is similar (with the exception of skos:exactMatch) to the data model defined for semantic relations. A distinct vocabulary is provided for concept mapping relations, to provide a convenient way to differentiate links within a concept scheme from links between concept schemes. However, this pattern of usage is not a formal requirement of the SKOS data model, and relies on informal definitions of best practice. A general note, for any purpose. note This property may be used directly, or as a super-property for more specific note types. Relates a collection to one of its members. has member An ordered collection of concepts, where both the grouping and the ordering are meaningful. Ordered Collection Ordered collections can be used where you would like a set of concepts to be displayed in a specific order, and optionally under a 'node label'. editorial note A note for an editor, translator or maintainer of the vocabulary. A meaningful collection of concepts. Collection Labelled collections can be used where you would like a set of concepts to be displayed under a 'node label' in the hierarchy. Concept An idea or notion; a unit of thought.